Elena Polonskaya (1902-1992) is an interesting lady: she was a distinguished astronomer which lost the lady business on the Communist regime, was accused out of espionage due to the lady missionary circumstances, added to prison for a couple months, but later on re also-instated due to the fact college or university teacher. Ultimately, she turned into a beneficial nun in the Russian-Orthodox Chapel and educated bible training or any other theological topics. She has an enthusiastic asteroid entitled immediately following the lady, however, she doesn’t but really enjoys a great Wikipedia article inside the English. Here’s this lady bio.
Elena Ivanovna Polonskaya was given birth to on the 21 November 1902 within the Selets, regarding Volyn state in the current Ukraine to parents in the Russian nobility. She analyzed astronomy on Professors out-of Mathematics and you can Absolute Sciences at Lviv College. In 1923, she took part in the initial meeting of the Russian Religious Pupil Direction from inside the Czechia. Out-of 1926 to 1928 she was an energetic person in that it movement and its particular commander to own Poland and Belarus. She acted given that publisher of your own spiritual political diary “At the Borderline”. She participated in apologetic june courses during the Paris built of the Archpriest Sergei Bulgakov, their spiritual father.
Indeed, except for an occasion for the Naples as much as 1596 and you will a trip to The country of spain inside the 1597, Clavius was to continue to be Teacher out-of Math during the Collegio Romano for the rest of their lifetime
From inside the 1932, she became secretary at Astronomical Observatory for the Warsaw. When you look at the 1934, she defended this lady Ph.D. thesis „For the planetocentric activity off comets“ when you look at the Warsaw. Inside the 1936, she married Leon Kazimierczak, a keen ichtyologist in the Warsaw School, plus in ed after Sergei Bulgakov) came to be. Throughout the World war ii, she did as Senior Scientist within Institution away from Astronomy inside Lviv and transferred to Warsaw in the 1944. When you look at the Warsaw Uprising in 1944, she turned into p near Vienna just like the battle prisoner. When you look at the 1945, she made an extremely challenging and crucial decision on her behalf after life: Since an Orthodox, she made a decision to go back to Russia, no matter if totalitarian Soviet Connection at the time. She earliest lived-in Cherson (in the current Ukraine) in which the woman guy died away from meningitis into the July 1948. She never ever saw the lady husband once again, because he had been prohibited to enter the brand new USSR.
Christopher Clavius, S.J. (twenty five March 1538 – 06 Feb 1612) was an excellent Italian language Jesuit recognized for their change of your schedule, and you will an excellent mathematician and you may skilled teacher. He registered the brand new has just based Jesuit purchase when you look at the 1555 and you will try delivered to Coimbra, A holiday in greece, to pursue his training. After this eclipse observation, he visited Italy after in the 1560 and you will examined theology at brand new Jesuit Collegio Romano into the Rome. He had been ordained from inside the 1564. He stayed from the Collegio Romano were he first started exercises math around away from his ordination. He proceeded together with his training inside Theology and you can became the full member of the latest Jesuit Purchase during the 1575.
To the 21 August 1560, the guy observed a sunshine eclipse, a meeting and therefore pretty sure him to help you put in his lives in order to statistical and you can substantial research
in the 1579, he had been decided on given that user by the Pope Gregory XIII towards the percentage so you can oversee the latest change of one’s diary. The old Julian Calendar ended up being centered because of the an enthusiastic edict of Julius Caesar when you look at the 45 BC. Because system regarding Julian years and you will dive ages didn’t correspond exactly into the length of the latest astronomical season, dates regarding essential Christian feasts have of positioning which have the seasons. It commission observed the fresh suggestions for diary reform off Aloysius Lillius, with some changes, and in 1582 Pope Gregory XIII promulgated the latest calendar. Catholic nations rapidly adopted the fresh new “Gregorian diary,” but Protestant and you may Eastern Orthodox places simply more sluggish used. Inside the 1588, it turned into their character to explain and you may safeguard the fresh diary reform, in which he did therefore from inside the Novi calendarii romani apologia and after that works to stop objections coming from Protestants, in addition to off astronomers and you will mathematicians.
Galileo Galilei https://datingranking.net/tr/tendermeets-inceleme/ was regularly Clavius’s instructions, in which he decided to go to Clavius while in the 1st trip to Rome in the 1587. After that they corresponded from time to time on statistical difficulties, and Clavius sent Galileo duplicates out-of his guides because they looked. Clavius try and stayed a good defender of your own geocentric system although he was pleased by Galilei’s telescopic breakthroughs as he penned from inside the 1611, a-year prior to their dying.
Their correct and you will long-lasting determine is actually new use off tight mathematical curricula when you look at the Jesuit universities, at once when the importance of mathematics in the pure technology (after that titled “absolute thinking”) is actually commonly underappreciated. He published widely used books and you may influenced future generations out-of astronomers and you can mathematicians.
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